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NSP4 (Non-structural glycoprotein 4)
FEATURES
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FAMILY
DESCRIPTION
Also known as NSP4_ROTH4, NSP4. Plays an essential role in the virus replication cycle by acting as a viroporin. Creates a pore in the host reticulum endoplasmic and as a consequence releases Ca(2+) in the cytoplasm of infected cell. In turn, high levels of cytoplasmic calcium trigger membrane trafficking and transport of viral ER-associated proteins to viroplasms, sites of viral genome replication and immature particle assembly., The secreted form acts as an enterotoxin that causes phospholipase C-dependent elevation of the intracellular calcium concentration in host intestinal mucosa cells. Increased concentration of intracellular calcium disrupts the cytoskeleton and the tight junctions, raising the paracellular permeability. Potentiates chloride ion secretion through a calcium ion-dependent signaling pathway, inducing age-dependent diarrhea. To perform this enterotoxigenic role in vivo, NSP4 is released from infected enterocytes in a soluble form capable of diffusing within the intestinal lumen and interacting with host plasma membrane receptors on neighboring epithelial cells such as integrins ITGA1/ITGB1 and ITGA2/ITGB1. Homotetramer. Interacts with the immature particle in the viroplasm. Interacts with host CAV1, early and late in infection. Interacts with host integrin ITGA1/ITGB1 heterodimer. Interacts with host integrin ITGA2/ITGB1 heterodimer. Interaction with microtubules blocks trafficking to the Golgi apparatus.
Also known as NSP4_ROTH4, NSP4. Plays an essential role in the virus replication cycle by acting as a viroporin. Creates a pore in the host reticulum endoplasmic and as a consequence releases Ca(2+) in the cytoplasm of infected cell. In turn, high levels of cytoplasmic calcium trigger membrane trafficking and transport of viral ER-associated protei ...
NSP4 logo

NSP4

Non-structural glycoprotein 4

Molecular Synopsis