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CLU (Clusterin)
FEATURES
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FAMILY
DESCRIPTION
Also known as CLUS_SHEEP, CLU. Functions as extracellular chaperone that prevents aggregation of non native proteins. Prevents stress-induced aggregation of blood plasma proteins. Inhibits formation of amyloid fibrils by APP, APOC2, B2M, CALCA, CSN3, SNCA and aggregation-prone LYZ variants (in vitro). Does not require ATP. Maintains partially unfolded proteins in a state appropriate for subsequent refolding by other chaperones, such as HSPA8/HSC70. Does not refold proteins by itself. Binding to cell surface receptors triggers internalization of the chaperone-client complex and subsequent lysosomal or proteasomal degradation. When secreted, protects cells against apoptosis and against cytolysis by complement. Intracellular forms interact with ubiquitin and SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes and promote the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins. Promotes proteasomal degradation of COMMD1 and IKBKB. Modulates NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity (By similarity). Following stress, promotes apoptosis (By similarity). Inhibits apoptosis when associated with the mitochondrial membrane by interference with BAX-dependent release of cytochrome c into the cytoplasm. Plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation. An intracellular form suppresses stress-induced apoptosis by stabilizing mitochondrial membrane integrity through interaction with HSPA5. Secreted form does not affect caspase or BAX-mediated intrinsic apoptosis and TNF-induced NF-kappa-B-activity (By similarity). Secreted form act as an important modulator during neuronal differentiation through interaction with STMN3 (By similarity). Plays a role in the clearance of immune complexes that arise during cell injury (By similarity). Antiparallel disulfide-linked heterodimer of an alpha chain and a beta chain. Self-associates and forms higher oligomers. Interacts with a broad range of misfolded proteins, including APP, APOC2 and LYZ. Slightly acidic pH promotes interaction with misfolded proteins. Forms high-molecular weight oligomers upon interaction with misfolded proteins. Interacts with APOA1, LRP2, CLUAP1 and PON1. Interacts with the complement complex. Interacts (via alpha chain) with XRCC6. Interacts with SYVN1, COMMD1, BTRC, CUL1 and with ubiquitin and SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes. Interacts (via alpha chain) with BAX in stressed cells, where BAX undergoes a conformation change leading to association with the mitochondrial membrane. Does not interact with BAX in unstressed cells. Found in a complex with LTF, CLU, EPPIN and SEMG1. Interacts (immaturely glycosylated pre-secreted form) with HSPA5; this interaction promotes CLU stability and facilitates stress-induced CLU retrotranslocation from the secretory pathway to the mitochondria, thereby reducing stress-induced apoptosis by stabilizing mitochondrial membrane integrity. Interacts with BCL2L1; this interaction releases and activates BAX and promotes cell death. Interacts with TGFBR2 and ACVR1 (By similarity). Interacts (secreted form) with STMN3; this interaction may act as an important modulator during neuronal differentiation (By similarity). Component of a epididymal complex at least composed of soluble form of prion protein PRNP, CLU, BPI, CES5A, MANBA and GLB1 (PubMed:16029166).
Also known as CLUS_SHEEP, CLU. Functions as extracellular chaperone that prevents aggregation of non native proteins. Prevents stress-induced aggregation of blood plasma proteins. Inhibits formation of amyloid fibrils by APP, APOC2, B2M, CALCA, CSN3, SNCA and aggregation-prone LYZ variants (in vitro). Does not require ATP. Maintains partially unfol ... More
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CLU

Clusterin

Molecular Synopsis