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(Replication-associated protein)
FEATURES
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FAMILY
DESCRIPTION
Also known as REP_MSVS. Essential for the replication of viral ssDNA. The closed circular ssDNA genome is first converted to a superhelical dsDNA. Rep binds a specific region at the genome origin of replication. It introduces an endonucleolytic nick within the conserved sequence 5'-TAATATTAC-3' in the intergenic region of the genome present in all geminiviruses, thereby initiating the rolling circle replication (RCR). Following cleavage, binds covalently to the 5'-phosphate of DNA as a tyrosyl ester. The cleavage gives rise to a free 3'-OH that serves as a primer for the cellular DNA polymerase. The polymerase synthesizes the (+) strand DNA by rolling circle mechanism. After one round of replication, a Rep-catalyzed nucleotidyl transfer reaction releases a circular single-stranded virus genome, thereby terminating the replication. Displays origin-specific DNA cleavage, nucleotidyl transferase, ATPase and helicase activities. Acts as an inhibitor of C-sense gene transcription (By similarity). Homooligomer. Rep binds to repeated DNA motifs (iterons). Forms the O-complex, which is a Rep-DNA complex involved in the initiation of RCR. Part of the C- and V-complexes which are RepA-Rep-DNA complexes involved in the c-sense and v-sense transcription.
Also known as REP_MSVS. Essential for the replication of viral ssDNA. The closed circular ssDNA genome is first converted to a superhelical dsDNA. Rep binds a specific region at the genome origin of replication. It introduces an endonucleolytic nick within the conserved sequence 5'-TAATATTAC-3' in the intergenic region of the genome present in all ... More
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Replication-associated protein

Molecular Synopsis