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(Replication-associated protein)
FEATURES
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FAMILY
DESCRIPTION
Also known as REP_BGYMV. Essential for the replication of viral ssDNA. The closed circular ssDNA genome is first converted to a superhelical dsDNA. Rep binds a specific region at the genome origin of replication. It introduces an endonucleolytic nick within the conserved sequence 5'-TAATATTAC-3' in the intergenic region of the genome present in all geminiviruses, thereby initiating the rolling circle replication (RCR). Following cleavage, binds covalently to the 5'-phosphate of DNA as a tyrosyl ester. The cleavage gives rise to a free 3'-OH that serves as a primer for the cellular DNA polymerase. The polymerase synthesizes the (+) strand DNA by rolling circle mechanism. After one round of replication, a Rep-catalyzed nucleotidyl transfer reaction releases a circular single-stranded virus genome, thereby terminating the replication. Displays origin-specific DNA cleavage, nucleotidyl transferase, ATPase and helicase activities (By similarity). Homooligomer. Interacts with the replication enhancer protein (REn). Interacts with host retinoblastoma-related protein 1 (RBR1), and may thereby induce the transcription of host replicative enzymes even if the cell is not dividing anymore. Interacts with host PCNA. Interacts with host SCE1 protein (By similarity).
Also known as REP_BGYMV. Essential for the replication of viral ssDNA. The closed circular ssDNA genome is first converted to a superhelical dsDNA. Rep binds a specific region at the genome origin of replication. It introduces an endonucleolytic nick within the conserved sequence 5'-TAATATTAC-3' in the intergenic region of the genome present in all ... More
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Replication-associated protein

Molecular Synopsis