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(mRNA-capping enzyme catalytic subunit)
FEATURES
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DESCRIPTION
Also known as MCEL_VACCA. Catalytic subunit of the mRNA capping enzyme which catalyzes three enzymatic reactions: the 5' triphosphate end of the pre-mRNA is hydrolyzed to a diphosphate by RNA 5' triphosphatase; the diphosphate RNA end is capped with GMP by RNA guanylyltransferase and the GpppN cap is methylated by RNA (guanine-N7) methyltransferase. Heterodimeric mRNA capping enzyme catalyzes the linkage of a N7-methyl-guanosine moiety to the first transcribed nucleotide (cap 0 structure), whereas the polymerase associated VP39 is responsible for a second methylation at the 2'-O position of the ribose (cap 1 structure) (By similarity)., The heterodimeric enzyme is also involved in early viral gene transcription termination and intermediate viral gene transcription initiation. Early gene transcription termination requires the termination factor VTF, the DNA-dependent ATPase NPH-I and the Rap94 subunit of the viral RNA polymerase, as well as the presence of a specific termination motif. Binds, together with RAP94, to the termination motif 5'-UUUUUNU-3' in the nascent early mRNA (By similarity). Heterodimer of a catalytic and a regulatory subunit. Intrinsic methyltransferase activity of the catalytic subunit is weak and needs to be stimulated 30- to 50-fold by the regulatory subunit, which is itself catalytically inert (By similarity).
Also known as MCEL_VACCA. Catalytic subunit of the mRNA capping enzyme which catalyzes three enzymatic reactions: the 5' triphosphate end of the pre-mRNA is hydrolyzed to a diphosphate by RNA 5' triphosphatase; the diphosphate RNA end is capped with GMP by RNA guanylyltransferase and the GpppN cap is methylated by RNA (guanine-N7) methyltransferase ... More
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mRNA-capping enzyme catalytic subunit

Molecular Synopsis