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Diaph1 (Protein diaphanous homolog 1)
FEATURES
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FAMILY
DESCRIPTION
Also known as DIAP1_RAT, Diaph1, Diap1. Actin nucleation and elongation factor required for the assembly of F-actin structures, such as actin cables and stress fibers. Binds to the barbed end of the actin filament and slows down actin polymerization and depolymerization. Required for cytokinesis, and transcriptional activation of the serum response factor. DFR proteins couple Rho and Src tyrosine kinase during signaling and the regulation of actin dynamics. Functions as a scaffold protein for MAPRE1 and APC to stabilize microtubules and promote cell migration. Has neurite outgrowth promoting activity. Acts in a Rho-dependent manner to recruit PFY1 to the membrane (By similarity). The MEMO1-RHOA-DIAPH1 signaling pathway plays an important role in ERBB2-dependent stabilization of microtubules at the cell cortex. It controls the localization of APC and CLASP2 to the cell membrane, via the regulation of GSK3B activity. In turn, membrane-bound APC allows the localization of the MACF1 to the cell membrane, which is required for microtubule capture and stabilization. Plays a role in the regulation of cell morphology and cytoskeletal organization. Required in the control of cell shape (By similarity). Also acts as an actin nucleation and elongation factor in the nucleus by promoting nuclear actin polymerization inside the nucleus to drive serum-dependent SRF-MRTFA activity (By similarity). Homodimer. Interacts with the GTP-bound form of RHOA. Interacts with RHOC, PFY1, MAPRE1, BAIAP2 and APC. Interacts with SCAI (By similarity). Interacts with DCAF7, via FH2 domain (By similarity). Interacts with NCDN (By similarity). Interacts with OSBPL10, OSBPL2, VIM, TUBB and DYN1 (By similarity).
Also known as DIAP1_RAT, Diaph1, Diap1. Actin nucleation and elongation factor required for the assembly of F-actin structures, such as actin cables and stress fibers. Binds to the barbed end of the actin filament and slows down actin polymerization and depolymerization. Required for cytokinesis, and transcriptional activation of the serum response ... More
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Diaph1

Protein diaphanous homolog 1

Molecular Synopsis